Social Construction and Farmer Rationality in Agribusiness
Agribisnis activity through formal organizations looked better than rely on relationships non formal in market transaction. Because that, almost all program of entangling farmer, obliging farmer congregate in place of formal organization, especially in farmer group and of cooperatives. But strive this often meet failure, where farmer more run the effort him outside formal organization. Through sociology theory literature study and research result with reference to farmer organization, find that collective action through the formal organization only a option, is not compulsion. Farmer have rational reasons by theirself in organization and his effort. Various social condition, economics and cultural which faced everyday become considered by farmers in making decision. Thereby, farmer organization must be conducted with empathy. Reinforcement of relationships is non formal provided various amenity and service, is strategy able to is also gone through in running programs enableness of farmer.
Keyword: farmer, organizational farmer, agribussiness, rasionality, social construction, collective action.
Political Influence to Agrarian Change of Pattern in Rural Structure and Landholding in Indonesia
The agrarian pattern in Indonesia has been change throught time, where land always be political policy by government. Historically, from feudal era to Orde Baru, land tenure by government made subordinate of farmer. The farmer have not right of to cultivate land as theirs land. The social structure changes due to te land structure change, because land is the main resource for land base agriculture.
Key words: agrarian, land tenure, rural socio-structure
Genealogy Relationship and Agrarian Structure
Indonesia government facing the forest problems especially out of Java, those are deforestation, resources destabilization, and some conflicts between forest resources stakeholders. This problem needs some study for example sociological analysis on the forest margin community to uncover and get good solution. The purpose of this research are to study formation agrarian structure historically and the sustainability of socioeconomic of forest margin community. This research use qualitative approach with case study in two villages. Interview does in community level, government, as well as the non-government organization; as well as quantitative data from 61 respondent sample. The research result shows that the community composed by ethnic group as based formation communities. The genealogy sentiment is the main factor to agrarian structure process. Land grabbing doing by the native ethnic, due to absent of local welfare institution or weak of socioeconomic security.
Key words: agrarian, socioeconomic security, the forest margin community, ethnic relationship, ecosystem sustainability.
Some CHARACTERISTICS and BEHAVIOR of Traders in Agriculture Commoditiy Marketting in INDONESIA
Trading and marketing aclivities related to agricultural commodities generate ambivalence attitude to their actors. In the positive perspective, these probably have an important role, especially as,a prime move of agribusiness system. The other side, they are frequently cause some obstacles in developing the agribusiness system; i.e. causing unfairly benefit sharing and inefficiency in the agribusiness system. This paper describes characteristics and behavior of agricultural traders in Indonesia, especially in the social system framework. The subjects of this paper are taken trom various research results on agribusiness. Results of this paper are (1) in the agricultural marketing activities usually it can be found three categories of traders which are real trader, stooge trader, and commission trader; and (2) the marketing structure configurations are mostly deveioped by interpersonal relation and interpersonal trust among agribusiness actors; and (3) among the traders of agricultural commodities, it trequently can be found higher spirit of solidarity compared to that of trader and fanner. In order to develop agribusiness system more comprehensively and efficiently, it is important to understand more deeply and fairly how to generate the benefit sharing equally on their actors.
Key words: trader, marketing"agricultural product
Social Capital between Agricultural Traders and Peddlers in Agricultural Market
Agricultural market system in Indonesia, especially in domestic agriculture commodity market, composed by nonformal relations between the actors. In imperfect market condition, social capital developed and be as backbone of the market system. This paper is study of social system of agricultural comodity market and rule and role the actors behind that system. The source of paper is research resports of market system of several commodities and the actors which have role in that market system.
Key words: social capital, seller, marketting, agriculture commodity
Analysis of Development Strategy of Agriculture Institutional in Device of Indonesia's RPPK 2005-2025
Institutional development is one of the fundamental component in all device of Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Revitalization ( RPPK) of 2005-2025. During the time, institutional approach also have come to fundamental component in agricultural and rural development. But that way, have many by mistakes, specially in development in agricultural sector. At RPPK agricultural, hence institutional complexity will reside in center level, local level, and community level. This article is analysis of to device of RPPK, specially with reference to paradigm and institutional strategies to be applied. In consequence, pursuant to new paradigm of development, hence development of institutional must to the make-up of society capacity itself. Result of analysis indicate that institutional development require to by being based on local social capital with local independence principle, reached through autonomous principle and empowerment.
Keyword: institutional, agricultural revitalization, local autonomous, empowerment, local independence.
Strategy and Challenge to Develop Interorganizational of Groups Farmers (GAPOKTAN) as Economics Organization
Institutional development is one of the fundamental component in all device of Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Revitalization Year 2005-2025. Actually, during the time institutional approach have come to fundamental component in agriculture and rural development programs. Farmer institutions tend to only positioned as a means of for the implementation of mere project, not as effort for more empowerment base. Forwards, to be can personate partisipative rural society community asset, hence development of institutions must designed as effort to enhance capacity of society itself so that become self-supportingly. Development of farmer group aliance to be formed each per village, also have to use bases of social local capital with local independence principle, reached throught autonomous principle and empowerment.
Keyword: social institution, farmer group aliance, agriculture revitalization, local autonomy, empowerment, local independence.
Wisdom Values of Land Holding Concept of Customary Law and Islam in Indonesia
Aspect of land ownership is shares very esensial in all system of agraria applying, because will determine the level and distribution of prosperity of society in it. That way also for agricultural sector, because factor land ownership become determinant of activity of farming activities and also including distribution of the result among its perpetrator. Height phenomenon land convertion and farm unemployed in Indonesia is impact of domination system of according to state law which is very respect the ownership of person (privat ownership) of because economic capitalist system. This article studied the concept of land ownership which relative differ, that is domination form of according to customary law at some proven tribes in Indonesia have many equalities of with form of land ownership according to Islam law. Some its characteristics is prima facie is that land are unique economic resource, where doing not know absolute domination form, existence of the nature of inclusiveness, and also the prohibition order for sell land in meaning as market commodity. Land ownership of according to customary law and Islam seems have higher level wisdom, truthfully will be more can realize prosperity of society with justice.
Keyword: land ownership, customary law, Islam law, state law.
Indonesia’s Farmer Organization in Governmental and Market Pressure
Organizing farmer formally during the time is the main approach by government in farmer empowerment. Almost all government policy make formal organization as compulsion in project activity in rural area. All of the farmer should to run agribusiness in formal groups which as representatively, communications, as well as economic organization. The problems are the farmer groups do not expand it to, so that unable to support attainment of enable program target. This matter become one of the cause of failure of execution of goals program. This approach also use too much staff and fund, but with low result. Result research indicate that do not easy to develop farmer organization, because farmer feel better to do not organized formally. The other causes are less care to local initiative, process do not decentralized, blue print approach, and less participation and dialogued. Besides, ability of government officer weaken, wrong paradigm, and lack of sociological view. Expansion market economics to rural require farmer organizational forms based on the efficiently and compete, and also have to be adapted for specific requirement of developed commodity and also market character expanding. Usage of institutionalism new theory show that farmer organization do not expand because institutional environment which do not support to operate farmer formal organizational.